Friday, October 19, 2012


Adhikamasa is the mechanism of inserting an extra lunar month to synchronize the lunar and solar calenders.

Duration of a lunar month = 29 days, 12 hrs, 44 minutes

For 12 months these add up to 354 days, 9hrs..

A solar year is 365 days, 5 hrs and 49 minutes long.

That means every year, the lunar calender would lag behind by 10.896 days and this difference would exceed 30 days every three years.

To compensate for this difference an adhikamasa is inserted.

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